永利皇宫会员登录网址_www.55402.com
做最好的网站
当前位置: 永利皇宫 > 风俗习惯 > 正文

【百天聆听】第35天 原典英语训练教材

时间:2019-09-23 06:39来源:风俗习惯
原标题:美国文化 Labour Day 每年九月的第一个星期一,是美国的劳动节。作为联邦法定节假日,全国人民放假一天。今年的这个节正好落在9月4日。 西方节日 Chapter Eleven: Easter  Easter

原标题:美国文化 Labour Day

每年九月的第一个星期一, 是美国的劳动节。作为联邦法定节假日,全国人民放假一天。今年的这个节正好落在9月4日。

西方节日

Chapter Eleven: Easter 

Easter is a very important Christian festivity. People celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his death.

Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday after the full moon in March. This is between 22 March and 25 April. The origin of the English word Easter is uncertain . It probably comes from the pagan goddess of spring, Eostre.

The pagans celebrated the arrival of spring with special festivals.

The Christian Easter slowly replaced the pagan festivals, but some symbols of the spring festivals remained, such as flowers, eggs, rabbits and bunnies . The tradition of the Easter basket is ancient. The pagans offered their eggs in grass baskets to the goddess Eostre.

In Britain and in the United States it is usual to send Easter cards to friends and relatives. For most Christian families Easter morning begins with a church service. Some Easter services begin very early in the morning. Others take place out of doors in a garden or park.

Easter is a time for Christians to be happy and there is special music in the churches. It is possible to hear George Frederick Handel's "Messiah" during some Easter services.

Hallelujah hallelujah hallelujah hallelujah hallelujah To celebrate Easter and the arrival of spring almost everyone wears something new: a new dress, a new suit, new shoes.

Before Easter Day American and British children paint Easter eggs with bright colours and designs. Coloured eggs were exchanged at ancient spring festivals. The egg is an ancient symbol of life and fertility . The decoration of Easter eggs began in England during the Middle Ages. Members of noble families gave one another gold-covered eggs as Easter presents!

On Easter Day in the United States. There is the traditional Easter egg hunt in every city and town. Parents tell their children that the Easter bunny hid many eggs in the park. The children must find the hidden eggs. Eggs are hidden in the grass, in a shrub or under a tree. When the children find the eggs they put them in colourful Easter baskets. The child with the biggest number of eggs is the winner.

The tradition of the Easter bunny and the basket of eggs was introduced by German immigrants long ago.

On Easter Monday children roll their eggs down a hill.

Egg rolling is an ancient Easter tradition. The first egg that reaches the bottom of the hill without breaking is the winner.

A famous egg-rolling contest takes place outside the White House in Washington DC on Easter Monday. The President of the United States invites children to roll eggs on the lawn of the White House.

At Easter time there are chocolate eggs, chocolate bunnies and sugar eggs in all sweet shops. Some eggs are personalized with a name on them.

Hot Cross Buns are a special Easter food. They are small sweet cakes with a cross on top. This cross represents Christ's death on the cross. The buns are usually eaten in Britain on Good Friday.

In many American cities and towns there is an Easter Bonnet Parade.

Girls and women with funny and bizarre Easter bonnets march in the parade. Most women make their own bonnets. There is a prize for the most original. The most famous Easter Bonnet Parade is in New York City, on Fifth Avenue. Thousands of people participate !

In 1933 the great American composer Irving Berlin wrote a song about the Easter Bonnet Parade. Here is a verse:

"In your Easter bonnet With all the frills upon it You'll be the grandest lady In the Easter parade."

Families usually spend Easter Day together. The traditional Easter meal consists of roast lamb, peas, new potatoes and eggs in many forms.

Chapter Twelve: May Day 

On the first day of May we celebrate the arrival of spring and warm weather. Everyone is happy to say goodbye to winter and to welcome spring.

Flowers bloom , leaves grow and baby animals are born in spring.

The May Day festival originated in the Roman Empire in about 258 BC.

It was a festivity in honour of Flora, the goddess of flowers and spring.

When the Romans invaded Britain the festivity was celebrated by the Britons too.

The ancient Celts celebrated spring the night before May Day. This festival was called Beltane. The Druids made big fires on top of the hills.

The Celts sat around the fires and ate, sang songs and danced happily.

In central Scotland Beltane is still an important festival. In the Middle Ages May Day was one of the merriest festivities in Britain. People went into the forest after midnight to pick flowers and plants. They returned the next morning and put the leaves and flowers in their hair. There was music,singing and dancing all day.

The most important event of the day was the dance around the Maypole.

The most beautiful young woman of the village became the Queen of the May. There were Morris dances too.

In Britain May Day is a public holiday and it is celebrated on the first Monday in May. It is not a public holiday in the United States.

In Britain and the United States there are still traditional Maypole dances on May Day. People in costumes dance around the Maypole. The Maypole is decorated with many coloured ribbons. The coloured ribbons represent the sun's rays and form a design on the Maypole.

In Britain many people in costumes do Morris dancing on May Day. They dance with bells and handkerchiefs. The tradition probably came from Spain in the 13th century when it was called Moorish dancing.

In the United States most elementary schools celebrate May Day with dances around the Maypole. In some American towns and universities there are May Day festivals. A young woman becomes the May Queen. Music,dancing around the Maypole and games are all part of the festival. There are beautiful floral decorations everywhere.

美国文化知多少

www.55402.com 1

中级故事:百万英镑!

Part One: From San Francisco to London

When I was 27 years old, I worked in an office in San Francisco. I did my job well and my future was promising. I was alone in the world and I was happy. On Saturday afternoons I didn't work. I sailed my little sailboat on San Francisco Bay. One Saturday afternoon, I sailed out too far. The strong afternoon wind pushed my sailboat out of the bay, into the Pacific Ocean.

That night, when I had lost all hope, a small British brig saw me and took me on board. The brig was sailing to London. The voyage was long and stormy. I worked as a sailor to pay for my trip.

When I arrived in London, my clothes were old and dirty. I had only one dollar in my pocket. With this dollar, I ate and slept for the first twenty-four hours. During the next twenty-four hours, I didn't eat and I didn't sleep.

At about ten o'clock the following morning, I went to Portland Place. I saw a child walking past, holding a big pear. The child ate one small piece and then threw the pear onto the street.

I stopped and looked at it. I was very hungry and I really wanted that pear.

But every time I tried to get it, someone passed by and looked at me. I

quickly turned in the other direction and waited for the person to pass by. I tried again and again to get that pear, but the same thing happened. I was desperate . I decided to get the pear and not to worry about the people who saw me. At that moment, a gentleman opened a window behind me and said,"Come in here, please."

A well-dressed servant opened the door. He took me to a beautiful room.

Here, two old gentlemen were sitting and discussing something important.

Their breakfast was still on the table. I was very hungry and I stared at their breakfast.

I want to tell the reader that the two gentlemen had made a bet several days before. I knew nothing about the bet until later. Let me tell you what happened.

Labour Day

「加班」马小Q作品

n.(美)劳工节

说起我们中国人民熟悉的国际劳动节International Workers' Day和美国的劳动节Labor Day,都离不开两个世纪前的特殊背景。

节日是哪一天?

19世纪的西方国家,资本家靠不断增加工人劳动时间和劳动强度来为自己创造财富。工人们每周工作6天,每天工作14-16个小时,收入却少得可怜。大家如果记得卓别林的电影「摩登时代」里的情景,揭露的就是当时资本家对工人的无情剥削和压迫。

有哪些典故和习俗?

1864年国际工人协会建立,要求于1866年5月1日起实施八小时工作制 eight-hour day。世界各国的工人群体纷纷响应。随着1886年5月1日的到来,以老牌工业城市芝加哥为中心,美国工人们在全国各地举行了约35万人参加的大规模罢工和示威游行,要求改善劳动条件,实行八小时工作制。但不幸的是在芝加哥的抗议活动中爆发了流血冲突,最后劳工和警察都伤亡惨重,此事件也成为历史上闻名的「干草市广场惨案」Haymarket Affair。

中西文化差异

www.55402.com 2

不同于众所周知的

「摩登时代」电影剧照

“五一”国际劳动节,

为了纪念这段历史,在1889年巴黎举行的第二国际会议上通过决议,将5月1日定为国际劳工节,要求各国的劳工共同努力,为八小时工作日而奋斗。这个日子也被当时广大的社会主义团体接纳。

美国的劳动节

而回到美国国内,劳动人民继续为实现八小时工作日努力。1894年5月,芝加哥又爆发了「普尔曼罢工」Pullman Strike事件,全国铁路交通陷入瘫痪,最高峰涉及27个州的大约25万工人。最后联邦政府出面,罢工才得以平息。为了安抚情绪高涨的工人团体,国会同年就通过了劳动节的立法。而日期却选择了九月第一个星期一以纪念1882年由「中央工会」Central Labor Union和「劳动骑士团」Knights of Labor在纽约市组织的美国历史上第一次“劳工节”万人游行活动。而到1935年罗斯福总统执政时,八小时工作制也在法律中正式确立。

是每年9月的

原来,我们习以为常的8小时工作制是由两个世纪以来的劳动人民不断努力争取得来的。

第一个星期一,

如今谈起在美国的生活,平衡感work-life balance是大家最关心的话题。实际上美国大多数企业的管理制度确实更人性化一些,公司不会随意要求员工加班,人们也习惯按时下班后,回到家中与爱人孩子相伴。美国很多地区甚至都没有发达的娱乐业,夜晚的城镇只有千家灯火,没有KTV夜总会的喧闹,和影视剧里大城市的车水马龙截然不同。

全国放假一天。

可是真在美国工作起来,却也并不如想象中那么轻松。虽然下班后的时间是自己的,但工作中老外们可都是全神贯注效率很高,逛网站玩手机的行为鲜有发生。此外美国的上班时间通常是早上8点到下午5点,而午休时间却只有一个小时,没有午睡,吃完饭就得乖乖回到桌边继续干活。有机会曾哥会写上一篇美国职场二三事,给大家具体聊聊在老外堆里工作的感受。

www.55402.com 3

曾哥以为,无论是在中国还是海外,劳动人民都是最朴实可爱的。我们就像小蜜蜂一样年复一年地辛苦奔忙,只为给自己和家人带来更好的生活,所以在这个属于我们的假日里,请大家好好犒劳自己,放松休息一天吧。

When1分钟前

最后,曾哥祝各位读者朋友们劳动节快乐!

Labor Day in the United States is a public holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September.

最后的最后,细心的朋友是否已经注意到今天的插画是出自马小Q之手,几个月不见,她的画风是不是更加成熟犀利了呢,请大家为她打call哟!

vocabulary

☑ labor 是 美式英语拼写

☑ 美[ˈlebɚ]

☑ n.劳动; 劳工

☑ labour 是 英式英语拼写

☑ 英['leɪbə(r)]

长周末

适逢夏末初秋的好时节,

也是短途旅行、

户外游玩的佳期。

www.55402.com 4

Bye Summer

夏天结束的象征

www.55402.com 5

Summer1分钟前

Labor Day is called the "unofficial end of summer" because it marks the end of the cultural summer season.

www.55402.com 6

因为夏天的结束,

也有劳工节之后

不再穿白色

或棉纱质衣服的传统。

当然这个传统

在当下已不再时兴。

www.55402.com 7

橄榄球赛季开始

美国最火热的

橄榄球赛季

第一场比赛

通常是在劳工节

之后的星期四

NFL1分钟前

The National Football League (NFL) traditionally play their kickoff game the Thursday following Labor Day.

www.55402.com 8

Origin

美国的劳工节

其实发源于

加拿大多伦多。

1872年,多伦多工人

走上街头

争取自己的权益,

Canada1分钟前

Canada's Labour Day is also celebrated on the first Monday of September.

这场为工人

争取平等权力的运动

很快发展扩大到美国。

www.55402.com 9

第一次游行

Parade1分钟前

the first American Labor parade held in New York City on September 5, 1882

1882年9月5日,

一万多名纽约市的工人

聚集市中心,

呼喊“8小时工作、

www.55402.com,8小时娱乐、

8小时休息”的口号

www.55402.com 10

vocabulary

☑recreation

☑美[ˌrɛkriˈeʃən]

☑英[ˌrekriˈeɪʃn]

☑n.消遣; 娱乐

☑[例句]Saturday afternoon is for recreation and outings.

☑周六午后是休闲和外出游玩的时间

第一个设立节日的州

俄勒冈1分钟前

In 1887, Oregon was the first state of the United States to make it an official public holiday.

1887年,

俄勒冈

Oregon

成为第一个

设立劳工节的州

联邦的法定节日

成为联邦节日1分钟前

By the time it became an official federal holiday in 1894, thirty states in the United States officially celebrated Labor Day.

1894年,

美国国会将

每年9月的第一个星期一

定为全国的劳工节

www.55402.com 11

为什么不是五一节

美国政府

之所以选择

9月第一个星期一

而不选择5月1日

作为劳动节,

永利皇宫会员登录网址,就是因为这两个日子

代表着不同的意识形态

和解决劳资关系的不同方式。

代表人物

美国劳工联合会

第一任主席

塞缪尔·龚帕斯

(Samuel Gompers)

www.55402.com 12

美国劳工领袖龚帕斯

在美国工运的转向中

起了至关重要的作用,

后来美国工人运动

和第二国际的社会主义运动

渐行渐远

美国文化知多少

Labor Day

9月第一个星期一

夏天结束的象征

橄榄球赛季开始

康外英园 中国心 世界眼返回搜狐,查看更多

责任编辑:

编辑:风俗习惯 本文来源:【百天聆听】第35天 原典英语训练教材

关键词: